Hong Kong's rise as a world-class city was not only the result of the events in 1840, but also her geographical quality as an international metropolis. Three-quarters of the land in Hong Kong is has a hilly profile with few plains, with only a total area of 1,100 square kilometers. But she has high hills of 957m mountains with good quality stone as raw materials for lithics. She has many winding gulfs and sheltered bays for anchorage. She is at the estuary of major river with abundant marine resources. After 80 years of archaeological efforts, 207 listed sites of archaeological interests are recorded, with datings span over ten thousand years from the later Palaeolithic, Neolithic, Bronze Age to the historical era. Unearthed artefacts include chipped stone tools, bronze dagger ax, ritual wares and jade tools of Shang period, as well as export ceramic wares of the Song-Yuan made in Zhejiang, Fujian and Jiangxi.
Some people may ask: "As Hong Kong is so small, why are there so many archaeological sites?" Archaeologists believe that the special geographical location and natural resources are the keys. Hong Kong archaeological finds contains cultural characteristics similar to the eastern part of Guangdong, as well as from the central Guangdong and from Guangxi. This means that Hong Kong has been located along a major traffic route since ancient times, and served as a traffic hub on this route. People come and go, stay and leave since the ancient times, leaving their cultural footprinte behind.
HKAS is the sole non-profit-making organization that obtain HKASR Government's funding to carry out legitimate archaeological actions. Every year, HKAS organises field surveys andexcavation to study the ancient cultural landscape. The purpose of the HKAS is to promote archaeology to Hong Kong people, as well as expanding their knowledge and awareness to Hong Kong's archaeology and protection. Members of HKAS not only includes archaeological professionals, but also many interested general public. We are deeply convinced that cultural heritage belongs to the general public. Protecting cultural heritage needs , and can only be achieved, by the combined effort of professionals and the wider public.
Chairperson of HKAS